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In 1884, Congress established the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), the predecessor to the Food Safety and Inspection Service, within the USDA to prevent diseased animals from being used in food and food products. Upton Sinclair’s seminal work, , published in 1905, would have a profound effect on federal regulation of the meat-packing industry.Soon foreign markets began placing restrictions on U. food exports, prompting the creation of the 1890 Food Inspection Act that attempted to detect bad meat imports, as well as poor quality meat within the U. The book described the conditions in Chicago’s meatpacking houses in gruesome detail, and Sinclair gained widespread public support in urging President Theodore Roosevelt to have government inspectors review slaughterhouses and to pass the Food and Drug Act of 1906 and the Meat Inspection Act.The center publishes dietary guidelines every five years and the food pyramid.The Dietary Guidelines for Americans provides guidance on food and physical activity choices.Congress passed the act, but gave regulation duties to the Treasury Department, which did little to fix the problem.
This incident prompted the FSIS to use a more scientific method to inspect foods, the Pathogen Reduction/Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) Systems, which aimed to reduce microbial pathogens in raw products.Through its distribution programs, the FNS is also able to subsidize the agricultural industry by purchasing and distributing surplus crops.The agency often finds itself at the center of ideological battles that question the role of the state in dealing with poverty and welfare and interference in the economy.In 1972, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service was established to handle the regulatory responsibilities of the Agriculture and Research Service.
These responsibilities were transferred in 1977 to the newly created Food Safety and Quality Service, which in 1981 was renamed the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS).USDA Agencies and Offices: Food and Nutrition Service: The FNS provides access to food and improves the diets of needy Americans through nutrition education and food assistance programs.The agency is responsible for the food stamp program, as well as programs that address the nutrition and feeding of women, children and infants, and food distribution.Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service: APHIS is responsible for regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities.