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Climate change and shifting ocean currents are also causing the penguins' preferred prey species to move, making it harder for the penguins to find them.The waters off South Africa contain major shipping lanes, and oil spills are frequent and deadly for African penguins.Each bird in the exhibit wears a colorful wing band, which helps Academy staff and visitors quickly distinguish one bird from another.Males are banded on the right, females on the left.Through pointing (when a penguin lowers its body to the ground and point its beak at another penguin), biting, fighting and braying, dominant birds (usually older) establish a pecking order, and will literally put a juvenile bird in its place by chasing or herding if they feel challenged.African penguins feed on anchovies and sardines in the wild, and we simulate their diet at the Academy by offering sustainably caught herring and capelin, supplemented by vitamins, including B-1, E, and a multi-vitamin. Or perhaps it's the fact that they are highly social and form long-term bonds.
The ESO Supernova Planetarium & Visitor Centre, ESO's cutting-edge free astronomy centre, has been open to the public since 28 April 2018.
In 1930, there were roughly a million of these charmers in their native West African habitat, but penguin biologists now estimate that there are only about 25,000 African penguin pairs remaining in the wild.